Shipping by sea is one of the most popular means of transporting goods where the road infrastructure is poorly developed or the use of land, ground communication is unprofitable financially and is carried out both between the continents and between states. The main advantage of shipping goods is:
-small transportation cost in a complex with an established delivery system of diverse cargoes. At the same time, the transportation of goods by sea takes more time.
Now the improvement of sea transportation is carried out not only to develop the fusions of water craft, but a significant indicator of efficiency is also considered the technical support of ports and intra-port territory. Today's water crafts for transporting goods is divided into: tankers, dry cargo ships, bulk carriers, refrigerators, container carriers, rokers, lighter carriers, timber carriers.
Tankers are defined for the carriage of bulk commodities, and are in fact considered to be huge floating tanks.
Dry cargoes are considered to be all-weather vessels and are suitable both for bulk goods and for transportation of containers and various other types of goods. A container is a universal package or a vehicle for cargo when transporting goods by sea.
Multimodal transportation (mixed) - transportation of the same goods in the field of one contract, but carried out by at least 2 (two) modes of transport in international traffic, and also includes intra-port freight forwarding.
The organization of multimodal transport consists in their rationalization, in a single approach to the selection of the scheme, planning, regulation and control.
At present, a number of systems are used in the international practice of organizing multimodal transport of goods, of which the following have become most widespread:
- container transportation, ferry and deck transportation.
The most important advantage in multimodal transportation of goods is the high convenience for customers who simply order multimodal transportation of cargo and in most cases do not experience how it will be delivered.
Carrying out such combination and scheme for multimodal freight transportations, our employees focus on the most optimal solutions - determining the most profitable directions while accompanying the cargo with a common transport document.
Marketing of modular cargoes (LCL) is one of the most economical types of transportation of goods in sea containers. Their main characteristic is that these sea container transportations of goods have a low cost, and at the time of delivery, the high safety of the goods is guaranteed. Savings can be achieved due to the fact that the customer pays only his part of the cargo, rather than a full container. Consolidated sea transportation means the formation of a consolidated cargo, which is the property of several cargo owners. These goods are sent on one transport document (bill of lading) and are formed by assembling small lots at the point of departure.
General cargo is usually a piece or a separate product (products) that is transported in a package or container. As containers can be used boxes, drums, bags, barrels, big-bags, containers, pallets, bales, packages and other types of packing of the goods. Delivery of general goods in contrast to cargo transported "unpacked": in bulk (oil, oil and other liquids), bulk or bulk (grain crops, pellets, ore, coal) - requires preliminary preparation for future transportation in a multimodal (mixed) message and a special careful relations on the part of the freight forwarder or carrier.
Vessel chartering is a hiring transaction for a ship (group of ships) for a specific voyage or a number of flights or for a prescribed time period. Chartering of ships is usually performed by an intermediary - a freight broker. The freight exchange is based on the volumes of freight transactions and conjuncture, which means the correspondence between the supply of tonnage (cargo) and the demand for it.
The World Freight Exchange is divided by the type of organization of transportation to the market of tramp and line tonnage, by types of vessels - to dry cargo and tanker tonnage, by type of goods - to the market of forestry, mining, grain, refrigerated tonnage.
When chartering for a certain carriage in an agreement (charter), all the rules of the future voyage and the cost of freight per unit of goods or the total amount of freight (freight) are determined. The shipowner is the carrier and absolutely observes the work of the ship, bears all kinds of risks associated with the efficiency of transportation, and, in turn, is responsible for the safety of the goods.
Intra-port freight forwarding is a complex set of activities or services related to the organization of a continuous process of processing goods in a seaport. The freight forwarder in the port is considered the Customer's agent and carries out cargo handling in ports and terminals in accordance with the orders of the Customer. Basically, this work with agents of lines of shipping companies, shipowners, public services, terminals, ports oriented to obtaining or processing import-export documentation, organizing and conducting: storage, inspection, re-entry, weighing, re-weighing, import-export and dispatch of goods. From the professional and operational work of the freight forwarder, the costs in the port depend significantly, because every extra day of storage and use of equipment in the port, whether it is a container, roll-trailer or wagon, the warehouse costs a lot of money.
Developing the concept and scheme for multimodal freight transport, our employees pay great attention to the most optimal solutions - determining the most profitable traffic flows while accompanying the cargo with a common transport document.
The great experience of our employees allows us to help our customer most effectively and efficiently develop a route plan for the transportation of cargo when using different types of transport, conduct intra-port forwarding in such a way that the transportation process is as quick and continuous as possible.
Our main directions in this specialization are:
- Chartering of vessels;
- transportation of general cargo;
- oversized and non-standard cargoes;
- transportation of any sea containers (with / from the delivery of goods to the sea port of cars and railway transport);
- delivery of assorted goods in sea containers;
- transportation of deck cargo (with / from the delivery of goods to the sea port of the car and railway transport);
- delivery of cargo by rail on a ferry;
- intra port forwarding of any goods (cargo transshipment);
- stabilization and dispersal of sea containers;
- loading and unloading of goods to / from containers;
- accumulation and processing of goods;
- warehouse services;
- examination of goods;